One of the greatest mistakes a car owner can ever make is to have every fault taken to the Mechanic. Cars, as delicate and stunning they can be is one thing man can’t do without. From driving to hoping on a bus and other activities of the 4 wheel, the car is probably man’s most important investment.
Whether it’s cleaning, waxing or making repairs and maintenance, exterior and interior car care should become a regular part of our car care routine. Let take some time to review the following car care tips to keep vehicle running at its optimum condition.
Tools Needed: None
Time to Complete: 10 minutes
- You need a new air filter for your car every 12 months or 12,000 miles, whichever comes first. You can pay a mechanic and give up your car for a day, or you can replace your air filter at home in about ten minutes.
- First, find your filter under the hood of your car. It’s in a black rectangular box with metal clips on the side. Check your owner’s manual if you don’t see it as soon as you pop the hood.Open up the casing, and check out how the air filter fits inside it. Make a note of which way the filter faces.
- Remove the old air filter, and insert the new one exactly how the old one sat.
- Remember to close the metal clips when you’re done.
That’s it. For extra savings in the long run, you can extend the life of your new air filter by hitting it with some compressed air to clear out any debris.
REPLACING BRAKE PADS
Tools Needed: Lug wrench, C-clamp, open-end or adjustable wrench, hammer
Time to Complete: 30 minutes to an hour
You’ll need to replace most brake pads around every 20,000 miles, but as always, check your owner’s manual for specifics about your model. If you consistently do a lot of “stop-and-go” driving, you’ll need to replace them more frequently. Brake pads are DIY-eligible, but safety is your top priority. Be careful, get everything ready before you start, and if you’re uncomfortable in any way, you can pay a professional to do it for you.
- Jack up your car and rest it securely on jack stands.
- Break the lugs on your tires before you do anything else.
- Remove the wheel.
- Remove the brake caliper so that the brake pads slide out through the top. The brake caliper should be at the 12 o’clock position, just above the lug bolts. On the back of the caliper you’ll find a bolt on both sides. Remove the bolts and set them aside. Hold the caliper from the top and pull upwards. Give it a few taps if you need to, making sure not to disturb the brake line (a black hose). Don’t let the caliper hang from the brake line; find somewhere to set it securely. With the caliper out of the way, the old brake pads should slide right out.
- Replace old pads with the new pads, securing them with the same retaining clips that held the old pads in place. If you have an older car, you might need to utilize your hammer here a little bit. Proceed gently!
- Compress the brake piston. Get out your C-clamp and put the end with the screw on it against the piston with the other end on the back of the caliper assembly.
- Tighten the clamp until the piston has moved far enough to where you can place the caliper assembly over the new pads.
- Re-install the brake caliper (the opposite process of what you did when you removed it), and then simply put your wheel back on.